Published on June 6th, 2015

PARIS_MThe 21st United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP21) is due to be held in Paris in December 2015. The meeting is expected to be a key event in the negotiations for the post-2020 climate change regime, aimed at adopting a new agreement on climate change regulations. At this event, current binding and non-binding international agreements on climate change are to be merged into one single regime. Emissions goals and how global targets can be met domestically, as well as the implementation of a mechanism for loss and damage from climate change will be at the core of the aggenda.

The conference will only be a success if all states agree upon an enforceable international agreement on the reduction of CO2. This means that the world community has to agree on limiting CO2 emissions to further 1,000 Gt (gigatonnes of carbon dioxide) by 2050 in order to avoid a global warming in excess of 2°C.

Prior to the climate negotiations in Paris, two more events will offer the opportunity to prepare the Paris event:

The G7 summit in Elmau, Germany, on June 7-8 with a special emphasis on foreign policy, security policy and development policy. Heads of states will also discuss energy security, the Rome G7 Initiative and international climate protection agreements. The German government has put “climate insurance” on the agenda.

The Climate Change Conference until June 11 in Bonn, at which the developed world is requested to communicate their individual mitigation objectives within the INDC mechanism (intended nationally determined contributions), whereas developing states are urged to reduce carbon emissions according to their capacities within the NAMA mechanism (nationally appropriate mitigation actions).

The UN summit in New York in September with a mandate from the UN General Assembly issued 25 September 2013 to adopt the post-2015 development agenda with eleven thematic consultations, including climate-related topics such as environmental sustainability, energy, and water.

Any further adjournment of a legally binding CO2 emission-limitation beyond 2015 will increase the need for even greater adaptation and financing measures to the changing climate and its impact. Recent studies confirm that this would not be a reasonable way to handle climate impacts – neither in humanitarian nor in economic terms.